Factors Effecting on Drug Distribution
Ashok Kari, Gandhu Sateesh, Bharatha Suresh, Bodavula Samba Siva Rao
This study of drug distribution investigates the influence of drug solubility and dissolution on its release from inert geopolymer pellets of three different sizes (1.5 × 1.5, 3 × 6, and 6 × 6 mm), having the same geopolymer composition and containing highly potent opioid fentanyl, sumatriptan, theophylline, or saccharin. Scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen sorption, drug solubility, permeation, and release experiments were performed, and estimates of the drug diffusion coefficients and solubilities in the geopolymer matrix were derived with the aid of finite element method (FEM). FEM was mainly focus on the drug distribution further employed to investigate the effect of a non-uniform drug distribution on the drug release profile. When inspecting the release profiles for each drug, it was observed that their solubilities in the geopolymer matrix imposed a much greater influence on the drug release rate than their diffusion coefficients. Concentrating the initial drug load in FEM into non uniformly distributed drug regions inside the matrix created drug release profiles that more closely resembled experimental data than an FEM-simulated uniform drug distribution did. The presented FEM simulations and visualization of drug release from geopolymers under varying initial and dynamic conditions should open up for more systematic studies of additional factors that influence the drug release profile from porous delivery vehicles.
How to cite this article:
Ashok Kari, Gandhu Sateesh, Bharatha Suresh, Bodavula Samba Siva Rao. Factors Effecting on Drug Distribution. Pharma Innovation 2012;1(6):69-73.