Burn injuries constitute a major public health problem and account for a significant cause of mortality and morbidity amongst the Indian population. As the etiological factors of burn injuries vary consider-ably in different communities, careful study of the pattern in every community is needed before a sound prevention program can be planned and implemented. Hence, this study was conducted to assess epidemiological, modes, causes, and risk factors and the microbial profile of burn injuries and to study the outcomes.
Material and Method: This is a prospective and descriptive study conducted in the Department of Plastic Surgery, JSS Medical College, Mysuru over a period of 1 year. The burn unit in tertiary care center has facilities for treatment of all types of major as well as minor burn injuries. Burn unit is having well equipped burn intensive care unit and burn OT with a skin homograft storage facility, capable surgeons and plastic surgeons, intensivists, nursing staff and lab facilities.
Results: Burns were found more commonly in middle-aged groups. The incidence was more in females as an absolute number (71.0%) as well as when stratified by age. Most burns were domestic, with cooking being the most prevalent activity. Flame (89.1%) was the most common agent. Most of the cases of burn were accidental (68.8%). Moreover, the patients had third degree burn that leads to more mortality in our circumstances. Death occurred in more than one-half (62.3%) of cases with septicemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation (35.7%) as the leading causes. When using logistic regression analysis, the outcome of the burn injury was significantly associated with degree, depth, extent, and mode of injury.
Conclusion: The study shows that 21-30 years age group are the most affected group this may be because they are in the active working age group. Safety and safe working environments should be provided at home and workplaces, and promotion of education on burn prevention should be intensified.