Vol. 8, Issue 2 (2019)
Bed Anjeer (Ricinus communis Linn.) pharmacological actions, therapeutic uses and Phytochemistry: A review
Ricinus communis is a tall glabrous and glaucous shrub of family Euphorbiaceae has been used different parts of this plant for the treatment of different diseases. The Preliminary Phytochemical studied of R. communis revealed the presence of Steroids, Saponins, Alkaloids, Flavonoids, and Glycosides. In Unani system of medicine, the leaf, root and seed oil of this plant have been used, as it has Mohallil (Resolvent), Musakkin (Analgesic), Mushil (Purgative), Jali (Detergent) and Muqi (Emetic) etc. properties and used for the treatment of the iltehab (inflammation), hudar (rheumatism), niqrous (gout), waja-ul-mufasil (arthralgia), falij (paralysis), laqwa (fascial palsy), ra’sha (tremor) etc. Jena and Gupta (2012)  studied that the anti-inflammatory activities of the leaves and root extract in Wistar albino rats in acute and chronic inflammatory models. The study indicated that the paw edema formation due to sub plantar administration of carrageenan, characterizing the cellular events of acute inflammation. The 250 and 500 mg/kg dose of Ricinus communis methanolic leaves extract possess protective effect in prevention of cellular events during edema formation and in all the stages of acute inflammation. The anti-inflammatory activity of Ricinus communis methanolic extract was due to the presence of flavonoids because the flavonoids have the protective effect against carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats.