Vol. 7, Issue 7 (2018)
The incidence of foot ailments in few districts of central and north karnataka with emphasis on management of lameness in large ruminants
Sindhu K, Somashekhar Habagonde, Ashok Walikar, Pradeep Kumar V, Pradeep Chawhan, Vijayakumar Unki and Basavraj Inamdar
The present study was undertaken with an objective to record the incidence of various foot ailments treated in various Veterinary Dispensaries (VD) of Gadag, Koppal, Vijayapur, Bagalkote, Kalaburgi and Davanagere districts of Central and North Karnataka, India. The pooled data reveals the occurrence of 1857 cases with hoof disorders out of which 48.73% were over grown hoof, 4.79% was cork screw hoof, 2.5% was sole ulcers, 1.8% punctured sole, 3.12% was foreign body in sole, 9.43% was interdigital hyperplasia, 0.2% was aseptic laminitis, 8.57% was hoof avulsion, hoof trauma and injury which are of non-infectious origin. The rest ailments correspond to infectious origin like 15.09 % foot rot in cattle and buffalo, 4.35% of sole haemorrhage and 1.42 % digital/ interdigital dermatitis. The breed wise distribution of hoof disorders revealed the highest incidence in H.F. crossbreds (24.32%) followed by Jersey cross (21.76%), Amruth mahal cross (19.35%) and Hallikar crossbreds (12.98). Similarly, among buffaloes highest breed incidence was recorded in Murrah cross (10.57%), followed by Surti cross (7.98%) and non-descript (3.04%). Foot lesions were observed to be greater in hind limbs with greater involvement of outer claw than in fore limbs with greater involvement of inner claw. Incidence of foot lesions was higher in animals on concrete floor with limited space and poor hygienic conditions. The animals which were left loose for exercise regularly had lesser foot problems than those reared on hard/concrete floor in stall feeding system. The incidence of foot ailment was more in cross bred than in the indigenous breed of cattle and buffalo.
How to cite this article:
Sindhu K, Somashekhar Habagonde, Ashok Walikar, Pradeep Kumar V, Pradeep Chawhan, Vijayakumar Unki and Basavraj Inamdar. The incidence of foot ailments in few districts of central and north karnataka with emphasis on management of lameness in large ruminants. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2018; 7(7): 28-34.