Toll Free Helpline (India): 1800 1234 070

Rest of World: +91-9810852116

NAAS Rating: 5.03 | Free Publication Certificate
updates
NAAS Rating: 5.03 new
Vol. 7, Issue 2 (2018)

Incidence of Karnal bunt in eastern Uttar Pradesh and its effect on seed quality

Author(s):
DN Shukla, Pankaj Tiwari and JP Srivastava
Abstract:
Karnal bunt caused by Tilletia indica Mitra (Neovossia indica Mitra (Mundkur) was first recorded in April, 1930 from Botanical Research Station, Karnal (Haryana) on wheat cultivar, foundation and Punjab A. The disease was prevalent in the sub continent since long, infecting native wheats grown over North Western India but it never caused serious yield reduction. However, the disease appeared in serious proportions in early 1970s with the introduction of dwarf Mexican Wheat Varieties into India and Pakistan. Till 1974-75 the disease remained restricted to Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab and Tarai region of Uttar Pradesh. In some places, it appeared in the epidemic form in different years. In the absence of strict domestic quarantine regulation it spreaded to new areas in North Western Wheat belt. However, Madhya Pradesh, southern Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Peninsular India are free from Karnal bunt due to high temperatures. It is also reported from Nepal, Iran, Mexico, United States, South Africa, Brazil, Afganistan, Syria, Turkey, Lebnan, Sweden, Poland, Itlay.The pathogen is floral infecting organism that partially infects seeds of bread wheat, duram wheat and also the triticale. Not all the spikes on a plant are infected and within a spike only a few spikelets are bunted.
Pages: 21-26  |  275 Views  8 Downloads
How to cite this article:
DN Shukla, Pankaj Tiwari and JP Srivastava. Incidence of Karnal bunt in eastern Uttar Pradesh and its effect on seed quality. 2018; 7(2): 21-26.
Journals List Click Here Research Journals Research Journals
Call for book chapter