Toll Free Helpline (India): 1800 1234 070

Rest of World: +91-9810852116

Free Publication Certificate

Vol. 12, Special Issue 11 (2023)

Temporal analysis of seasonal temperature and rainfall patterns in the coastal region of Odisha state: A research study

Author(s):
Surjeet Singh Adile, Mahendra Prashad Tripathi, Shankar Lal and Amit Prasad
Abstract:
This research aims to evaluate climate-induced alterations and propose viable adaptation measures. The current study focuses on assessing both long-term trends and short-term variations in monthly, annual, and seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns across the Kendrapada district within the state of Odisha. To conduct this comprehensive study, we investigated both annual and seasonal temperature and rainfall trends over 42 years (1981-2022) in the Kendrapada district, using data sourced from the IMD Meteorological Agency. Rigorous quality control procedures were applied to ensure data reliability. For minimum temperature (Tmin), a statistically significant annual cooling trend was observed, indicated by a Sen's slope of -0.033 °C per year.
In contrast, no significant trend was identified for annual maximum temperature (Tmax), and annual mean temperature did not exhibit any significant trend over the study period. However, annual Rainfall showed a statistically significant increase, with a Sen's slope of 13.843 mm/year. These findings highlight a consistent cooling of temperature extremes alongside a long-term increase in precipitation within the study area. During the winter season, Tmin decreased at a rate of -0.032 °C per year, while Tmax experienced a minor decline of -0.023 °C per year. Seasonal mean temperature (Tmean) also followed decreasing trends with a rate of -0.026 °C per year.
On the other hand, seasonal Rainfall exhibited increasing trends with a Sen's slope of 1.582 mm per year. In the rainy season, Tmin showed positive trends with a slope of 0.014 °C per year, and Tmax increased at a rate of 0.014 °C per year. The significant increase in annual Rainfall and seasonal fluctuations underscores the complex climate dynamics within the Kendrapada district. These findings have potential implications for local climate patterns and water resource management, providing valuable insights for stakeholders and policymakers in the region.
Pages: 185-198  |  154 Views  62 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Surjeet Singh Adile, Mahendra Prashad Tripathi, Shankar Lal and Amit Prasad. Temporal analysis of seasonal temperature and rainfall patterns in the coastal region of Odisha state: A research study. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(11S): 185-198.

Call for book chapter