Indian elecampane: Potential medicinal and aromatic crop for sustainable development
Harpal Singh, Parmeet Kaur and B Dutt
Inula racemosa Hook. F. (Indian Elecampane) is little known medicinal and aromatic plant possessing Ayurvedic, diuretic, antiseptic, antitumor, and various other therapeutic properties. It is locally known as Pushkarmool and manu is an herb found wild amongst strong alpine scrub vegetation in cold desert region of Northwestern Himalayan region which has narrow distribution and is recognized as rare and critically endangered species. It is a perennial crop belonging to family Asteraceae and is cultivated at temperate and alpine western Himalayas at an altitude of 5000 to 14000 feet from Kashmir to Kumaon, Afghanistan to Nepal. Fragile nature of its habitat, ruthless extraction and its exploitation due to medicinal properties are some of the reasons for extinction of the species. Locally, it is known as pushkarmool and has prominent ayurvedic and traditional uses. Seeds are aphrodisiac and roots are expectorant. Inulin, a polydisperse carbohydrate and essential oil (Sesquiterpenes) are chief constituents for pharmaceutical industry, perfumery and medicinal purpose. Mass migration of people, small land holdings, lengthy cultivation cycle and fluctuating market prices are some of the reasons associated with declining population. Information is combined on the basis of its various commercial, economic and traditional uses. Implications for better conservation is the need of our for these potential medicinal and aromatic herbs.
How to cite this article:
Harpal Singh, Parmeet Kaur and B Dutt. Indian elecampane: Potential medicinal and aromatic crop for sustainable development. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(9S): 152-156.