Molecular detection of lumpy skin disease virus from Tamil Nadu, India
Prabhu M, Malmarugan S, Rajagunalan S, Balakrishnan G, Lakshmi Prasanth T and Ganapathi P
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an emerging, OIE notifiable pox virus disease affecting cattle and buffalo in India. It is caused by LSD virus that shares the genetic relatedness with sheeppox and goatpox viruses in the genus Capripox virus. The current investigation deals with molecular detection of LSD infection in cattle of Tamil Nadu, a southern state of India during the period from August 2020 to December 2021. The affected cattle showed generalized nodular lesions and other clinical signs suggestive of LSD. A total of 104 samples including 81 scab tissues and 23 whole blood samples were collected and subjected to molecular PCR specific for capripox viruses. Of which, 78 samples including 76 scab and 2 positive blood samples were found positive by PCR to yield 192 bp product. The report supports the use of molecular PCR for direct detection of LSD in cattle from field samples and hence the disease can be differentiated from similar clinical conditions in cattle.
How to cite this article:
Prabhu M, Malmarugan S, Rajagunalan S, Balakrishnan G, Lakshmi Prasanth T and Ganapathi P. Molecular detection of lumpy skin disease virus from Tamil Nadu, India. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(8S): 75-78.