Morphological Characterization of Tendu Fruit (Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb) and selection of plus Trees from Kondagaon and Kanker Forest Stands of Chhattisgarh
Patel Chandrashikha, Prajapati RK and Nayak Amit Prakash
Tendu fruit (Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb.), an underutilized seasonal fruit of India, is a rich source of many medicinal and nutritional properties. Tendu fruit is one of the important forest fruit found in Chhattisgarh. The plant is well known for its leaves which are known as Bidipatta and use for making Bidi in tribal areas of India. The present work is emphasized upon morphological characterization of Tendu fruit and selection of plus tree from Kondagaon and Kanker Forest area. This research was conducted to identify the plus trees which are utilized to produce quality planting material in mass multiplication method to supply farmers to plant this high-value tree as Agroforestry tree and to get extra income. The morphology characters were considered using samples from 40 CPT trees representing different populations Kondagaon and Kanker district of Chhattisgarh. The fresh fruit posses fruit Length, fruit Breadth, Fresh weight of fruit, 27.78 mm, 32.69 mm, 15.58 gm respectively. The overall average fruit peel weight 4.64gm, Pulp weight 6.52gm, No of seed /fruit 3.64, Seed length 17.58mm, Seed breadth 11.50mm, Shape of fruit Round shape, Colour of fruit Dark yellow, Seed weight 4.55 g, DBH of tree 58.70 cm and seedless fruit found was Pharasgaon site CPT no. T6 and highest pulp rate were found 9.9 gm CPT no. T6 and 9.3 gm CPT no.T27 Kanker site respectively. The plus trees selected after computation of data of all the 40 CPTs studied on the basis of important character of fruit which is maximum pulp weight, less no of Seed/no seed. The fruit pulp was found to be rich in sugar mineral and vitamins content.
How to cite this article:
Patel Chandrashikha, Prajapati RK, Nayak Amit Prakash. Morphological Characterization of Tendu Fruit (Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb) and selection of plus Trees from Kondagaon and Kanker Forest Stands of Chhattisgarh. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(9):14-23.