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Vol. 10, Issue 1 (2021)

Water security and its scarcity: A review

Author(s):
Nafath-ul-Arab, Adnan Abubakr, MH Balkhi, Ashwani Kumar, Nasir Hussain, Asim Iqbal Bazaz, Zarka Yousuf, Mehak Hafeez, Anees Bin Mansoor, Nakeer Razak and Irfan Ahmad
Abstract:
Water underpins the very fabric of human life – our food and drink, the clothes we wear, the landscapes we enjoy, the societies we live in, the length and quality of our lives. The essential role that water plays in national life – in energy supply, infrastructure, economic growth, healthcare, education and culture – makes water a central concern for national policies. The water resources are not evenly distributed, across different continents; some countries have surplus water while many other countries are already facing scarcity of water. Sustainable development cannot be achieved without a water secure world. Water scarcity affects every continent and around 2.8 billion people around the world at least one month out of every year.
More than 1.2 billion people lack access to clean drinking water. India is not a water poor country but due to growing human population, severe neglect and over-exploitation of the resource, water is becoming a scarce commodity. India is more vulnerable because of the growing population and in-disciplined lifestyle. This calls for immediate attention by the stakeholders to make sustainable use of the available water resources. The World Bank estimated that 21 percent of communicable diseases in India are linked to unsafe water and the lack of hygiene practices. Further, more than 500 children under the age of five die each day from diarrhea in India alone.
Pages: 217-219  |  557 Views  121 Downloads


The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Nafath-ul-Arab, Adnan Abubakr, MH Balkhi, Ashwani Kumar, Nasir Hussain, Asim Iqbal Bazaz, Zarka Yousuf, Mehak Hafeez, Anees Bin Mansoor, Nakeer Razak, Irfan Ahmad. Water security and its scarcity: A review. Pharma Innovation 2021;10(1):217-219.

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