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Vol. 9, Issue 9 (2020)

Microbiological evaluation of daily use handkerchief

Oshilim AO and Orogu JO
Continuous increase in the production, distribution, and most importantly usage of economically packaged handkerchief is of utmost importance to the health of the public. This study was carried out to determine the microbial quality of randomly selected handkerchief in Ozoro, Delta State Nigeria from different persons. These randomly selected handkerchiefs were analyzed microbiologically. Microbiological examination showed the presence of bacteria and fungi isolates. Three bacteria species were identified; Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. A fungal was isolated; Candida albican. The total bacteria heterotrophic plate count ranges from 1.0×103 to 8.0×103. Staphylococcus aureus (50.0%) has the highest percentage occurrence while Klebsiella pneumonia (12.5%) has the least percentage occurrence. Candida albican had a percentage occurrence of 100%. The presence of these microbes in the used handkerchief has been traced to poor hygiene practices by handlers. It is recommended that; Handkerchief should not be used more than a day and individuals with flu should have separate handkerchief or tissue paper for controlling the flow of the flu and another for wiping sweat off their face.
Pages: 08-11  |  1118 Views  400 Downloads

The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Oshilim AO, Orogu JO. Microbiological evaluation of daily use handkerchief. Pharma Innovation 2020;9(9):08-11.
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