Concept of temperament in Unani system of medicine: A review
Dr. Md. Irshad Hussain and Dr. Akhlaque Hussain
The Mizaj (temperament) is a notion (concept) and a way by which physicians evaluate the deviation of the body or any of its organs from normal homeostasis in comparison to the patient’s population, race, and species. Merely, it is the appearance that Unani physicians use to tell whether the whole body or one of its organs has the right temperature and has the right amount of moisture. There is no absolute temperament, that is, there is not one universal temperament to which we compare the health of an individual. Moreover, there is not one temperament that is the best or the optimum for all types of geographical locations. In contemporary stipulations, these impending from Avicenna (Ibn-e-Sina) correspond to the imperative roles of natural balance and environment in the adaptation of the individual through homeostasis and the role of evolution in the adaptation of populations to preserve homeostasis. The Mizaj of an individual is population specific based on the evolution of the population within a particular geographic location. The normal population temperament, which is basically the upper and lower limits of the normal range, is the narrowest of temperaments. The population temperament range is a subtype within the larger range of temperaments and the latter is a sub-type with the human species temperament range. Genders are at variance in their temperaments’ ranges. Also, organs of the body vary according to variations.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Md. Irshad Hussain, Dr. Akhlaque Hussain. Concept of temperament in Unani system of medicine: A review. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(9):07-11.