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Vol. 8, Issue 5 (2019)

Determination of seed germination and seedling growth of local and exotic rice varieties with different water

Author(s):
Avinash Sharma, Sheelawati Monlai, VS Devadas, Boppa Linggi, Anchali Yao and Azizul Haque
Abstract:
The present studied conducted on seedling growth and germination of rice varieties with different water. The shoot length, root length, germination percentage, seed vigour, root fresh weight, root dry weight, shoot fresh weight, shoot dry weight observed in local rice Sali, Khampti Lahi and exotic rice Thailand Lahi. The observed data was computed with Factorial Completely Randomized Design (FCRD). Significant variations observed in treatments and varieties. The shoot length ranges of Sali 0.85-2.33 cm, Khampti Lahi 1.43-1.68 cm, Thailand Lahi 1.38-1.65 cm; root length ranges of Sali 2.28-2.55 cm, Khampti Lahi 2.15-2.85 cm, Thailand Lahi 1.83-2.53 cm; shoot fresh weight ranges of Sali 0.18-0.22 gm, Khampti Lahi 0.18-0.22 gm and Thailand Lahi 0.17-0.23 gm; shoot dry weight ranges of Sali 0.07-0.11 gm, Khampti Lahi 0.06-0.10 gm and Thailand Lahi 0.07-0.13 gm; root fresh weight ranges Sali 0.61-0.74 gm, Khampti Lahi 0.59-0.71 gm and Thailand Lahi 0.57-0.77 gm; root dry weight ranges of Sali 0.11-0.18 gm, Khampti Lahi 0.10-0.17 gm and Thailand Lahi 0.14-0.33 gm; Germination percentage of ranges of Sali 33.33-71.43%, Khampti Lahi 48.00-84.35% and Thailand Lahi 30.43-80.77% and Seed vigour ranges of Sali 1.42-3.19, Khampti Lahi 1.73-3.66 and Thailand Lahi 1.06-3.24 were obtained with different water. The highest shoot length was obtained with river and slurry water treatments. The highest root length was obtained with treatment T5 Soil water. The highest shoot fresh weight was obtained with T7 slurry water, treatment T2 drinking water and T5 soil water. The highest shoot dry weight was obtained with treatment T7 slurry water, treatment T3 drain water and treatment T6 river water. The highest root fresh weight was obtained with treatment T7 slurry water, treatment T5 soil water and treatment T6 river water. The highest root dry weight was obtained with treatment T7 river water, treatment T2 drinking water and treatment T5 soil water. The highest germination percentage was obtained with treatment T2 drinking water. The highest seed vigour was obtained with treatment T6 river water and treatment T2 drinking water. The availability of nutrient in different water conducts germination and seedling growth of rice varieties. The physiology of seed promotes germination and morphological development.
Pages: 45-53  |  378 Views  16 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Avinash Sharma, Sheelawati Monlai, VS Devadas, Boppa Linggi, Anchali Yao, Azizul Haque. Determination of seed germination and seedling growth of local and exotic rice varieties with different water. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(5):45-53.
The Pharma Innovation Journal