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Vol. 8, Issue 2 (2019)

Topology: Fundamentals and applications

Dr. Pankaj Kumar Mishra
Topology, as a branch of mathematics, delves into the study of properties preserved under continuous deformations. This paper elucidates the fundamental concepts of topology, exploring its theoretical underpinnings and practical applications. Beginning with the basic notions of open sets, continuity, and topological spaces, the exposition progresses to advanced topics such as compactness, connectedness, and homotropy theory. Through rigorous analysis and illustrative examples, the paper elucidates how topological principles manifest in diverse fields, including physics, computer science, and biology. Moreover, it investigates the significance of topology in solving real-world problems such as network optimization, data analysis, and geometric modelling. By unravelling the intricate interplay between abstract topology and concrete applications, this research contributes to a deeper understanding of topology's versatility and relevance in modern science and technology.
Pages: 953-956  |  187 Views  109 Downloads

The Pharma Innovation Journal
How to cite this article:
Dr. Pankaj Kumar Mishra. Topology: Fundamentals and applications. Pharma Innovation 2019;8(2):953-956. DOI: 10.22271/tpi.2019.v8.i2o.25464

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