Pharmacological and physico-chemical properties of Tulsi (Ocimum gratissimum L.): An updated review
Sheelu Monga, Pradeep Dhanwal, Ravinder Kumar, Anil Kumar and Vinod Chhokar
Ocimum gratissimum, common name tulsi, is considered as a sacred plant and worshiped in India. It belongs to family Lamiaceae. It is a valuable medicinal plant which has numbers of pharmacological properties. Antitumor and anti-cancer effects have been reported in in vitro experiments. It is also recommended for treatment of diseases like bronchitis, bronchial asthma, diarrhea, dysentery chronic fever etc. Ocimum contains eugenol (1-hydroxy-2-methoxy-4-allylbenzene) which can be used for therapeutic purposes. Preclinical studies has revealed that certain compounds present in Ocimum like rosmarinic acid, apigenin, myretenal, luteolin, ß-sitosterol and carnosic acid, have antioxidant properties. Contents of secondary metabolites can be increased with the help of different tissue culture techniques. Availability of genome and transcriptome sequences can reveal the gene site of important secondary metabolite pathways.
How to cite this article:
Sheelu Monga, Pradeep Dhanwal, Ravinder Kumar, Anil Kumar, Vinod Chhokar. Pharmacological and physico-chemical properties of Tulsi (Ocimum gratissimum L.): An updated review. Pharma Innovation 2017;6(4):181-186.