A comparative study of the different parts of Acacia arabica (Desi Babool) & Prosopis julifera (Vilayati Babool)
Anil Kumar Sahdev, Bhawana Sethi, Amarjeet Singh and Preeti Anand
Natural products are products from various natural sources, plants, microbes and animals. They can be an entire organism (e.g. a plant, an animal or a micro-organism), a part of an organism (e.g. leaves or flowers of a plant, an isolated animal organ). The present study was aimed at pharmacognostical study. Plants Acacia Arabica and Prosopis julifera were studied for pharmacognostical characteristic, namely, morphology, microscopy, physicochemical, parameters which can be of utilized in identification and Authentication of plants. Successive, extractive and phytochemical screening revealed the present of tannin alkaloids, steroids and terpenoids in various extracts however most of the medicinally potential phytoconstituents where present in alcoholic and aqueous extracts, result shows that the leaf of Acacia arabica had maximum moisture content followed by stem bark, and twig, while Prosopis julifera twig had maximum moisture content followed by bark and twig. Acacia arabica has more percentage of Ash content followed by stem bark and twig. But in Prosopis julifera twig contain maximum percentage followed by stem bark and twig. Leaf of Acacia arabica has maximum percentage of Ash content. In-vitro DPPH free radical scavenging activity of the methanolic extract of all the parts of Acacia Arabica and Prosopis julifera. were compared with Ascorbic acid and quercitin (standard used) was observed which showed that extract of Arabica leaf shows higher activity followed by bark, and twigs. At a concentration of 0.1 mg/ml the scavenging activity of the leaf reached 62.34%, while at the same concentration bark and twig have 52.3% and 52.35% activity, Prosopis leaf have minimum 40.88% activity and twig and bark have 49.4% and 50%activity.we have done the comparative pharmacognostical study between Acacia arabica and Prosopis julifera and conclude that Acacia arabica plays more significant role and has more scientific value.
How to cite this article:
Anil Kumar Sahdev, Bhawana Sethi, Amarjeet Singh, Preeti Anand. A comparative study of the different parts of Acacia arabica (Desi Babool) & Prosopis julifera (Vilayati Babool). Pharma Innovation 2017;6(10):44-56.