Vol. 9, Issue 1 (2020)
Haematological, biochemical and oxidative stress parameter as prognostic indicators in calf diarrhoea
Sarvan Kumar and KK Jakhar
The objective of this study was to evaluate the value of haematological, biochemical constituents and oxidative stress parameters for predicting the survival of diarrhoeic calves. Investigation was carried out on 31 cow calves including 6 healthy and 25 calves affected with diarrheoa. The haematological studies evident that there was significant decrease in value of haemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV), total erythrocyte count (TEC). Erythrocyte indices i.e. Mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) were significantly decreased in diarrhoeic calves. There was significant increase in total leukocytic count (TLC) and in value of absolute lymphocytes in diarrhoeic calves when compared with the corresponding values of healthy calves. Serum biochemical studies revealed that there were significant increase in values of serum total protein, albumin, globulin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LD) however there was non significant decrease in albumin: globulin ratio in diarrhoeic calves. Studies of oxidative stress parameters showed that there was significant decreases in activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione-s- transferase (GST) and glutathione reductase (GR) whereas significant increase in activity of catalase in diarrhoeic calves when compare with apparently healthy calves; respectively.
How to cite this article:
Sarvan Kumar and KK Jakhar. . The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2020; 9(1): 10-13.