The aim of this study was to delineate various bioactive compounds present in the Momordica charantia
(Indian variety Co.1) available at the Chennai locality based on characterisation using gas chromatography and spectroscopy analysis.
The aqueous extract of Momordica charantia (MC) was prepared from the unripened fruits. They were split open, deseeded, grounded in a blender and extract collected was centrifuged and stored. Part of the extract was freeze dried and GC-MS analysis was performed and analysed for the active phytochemical compounds. Eleven compounds were identified through GC-MS analysis of MC extract.
The major compound present in the aqueous extract was 10-Octadecanoic acid, methyl ester and Pentadecanoic acid, methyl ester. The RT of the compounds were 18.7 and 17.05 minutes respectively and the relative peak area was 10.7 and 9.8 per cent respectively. The other compounds identified were based on NIST library search.