Vol. 7, Issue 11 (2018)
Health related complications associated with polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD)
Ruby Varghese, Alana joy, Sony Mariam Saji and Rahul Radhakrishnan
Background: Polycystic ovary Disease (PCOD) is associated with psychological and metabolic disturbances. The aim of this study was to determine the complications associated, depression, anxiety and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among are women with PCOD.Methods: The study included 100 PCOD patients. All participants completed standardized questionnaires assessing depression and anxiety by HADS. Patients also completed a PCOD HRQOL questionnaire. The other complications like Weight gain, Obesity, Abortion, Irregular bleeding, Infertility, Acne, Acanthosis Nigirians, TSH abnormalities, Hirsuitism and Hair fall are assessed by patient history interview, case record analysis and from laboratory values. Results: 42% of the patients were on 22-26 age. On analysis of Body Mass Index, 60% of the patient having BMI of 18.5 – 25. Distribution of BMI according to the age founds that patients in 17-21 age group were having high BMI Score (obese). Analysing the complications of PCOD indicates that 78% of women having Irregular menstrual cycle, 68% having weight gain, 44% having hirsutism, 36% having anxiety, 32% having Acne and Acanthosis nigricans, 22% having hair fall, 16% having infertility and Depression, 10% having TSH abnormality and 6% having abortion history. According to the data, PCOD patients under the age group of 22-26 were more susceptible for the complications. HADS Score indicates that 52% having score in between 11-21 (abnormal) in which 36% having anxiety and 16% having Depression. Evaluation of Quality of Life among PCOD patients indicates that 52% of patients scored having medium quality of life.Conclusion: The study concludes that there are many complications associated with PCOD where anxiety and depression is a chronic recurring disorder which significantly affect the Quality of life among PCOD patients therefore appropriate evaluation and treatment of PCOD as well as proper counselling for anxiety and depression symptoms at an early age may prevent the onset of secondary disorders.
How to cite this article:
Ruby Varghese, Alana joy, Sony Mariam Saji and Rahul Radhakrishnan. Health related complications associated with polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD). The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2018; 7(11): 86-90.