Vol. 6, Issue 6 (2017)
The features of insulin pump therapy for treatment of diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a world-wide problem that causes incessant search for new areas of treatment of this disease. The incidence of diabetes mellitus is rising and expected to rise further, because of an ageing population and an increasing prevalence of obesity. Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion or insulin pump therapy is recommended as a possible treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adults, as well as type 2 diabetes mellitus if the multiple daily injections of insulin or its analogs are not effective, and also in patients with frequent hypoglycemic states. For continuous subcutaneous insulin used external pump that provides a continuous supply of insulin from the reservoir via subcutaneously administered cannula. There are an insulin dose calculator, programmable basal and bolus insulin infusion, different types of infusion sets among options of most insulin pumps. Insulin pump operates using insulin analogues ultrashort action. Insulin pump therapy should only be started by a qualified specialist team, which should provide patient education on the use of insulin pumps, provide advice on lifestyle and physical activities that are appropriate for these patients. Amid continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion the variability of blood glucose significantly was reduced, the glycosylated hemoglobin rate was decreased, the control of the «dawn phenomenon» improved. Insulin pump therapy in patients with the both type of diabetes mellitus improves quality of life.
How to cite this article:
Kozlova ІV. The features of insulin pump therapy for treatment of diabetes mellitus. 2017; 6(6): 36-39.